Architecture of Particles
Physics of Particles
Dr. Josep Perelló
Professor associated/Partner to the Department of Fundamental Physics of the University of Barcelona. His is PHD and graduate Physicist, specialized in Eco-Physics. Josep Perelló integrates his work of researcher and teaching with writing and sciences communications, by which he achieves through a great effort in integrating sciences and art. Recently he has published “Teoria de l’striptease aleatori” (Ed. 3i4, 2004).
Movie for the exhibition "Múltiplos de cinco"
Curator: Pepe Cobo
Courtesy of Pepe Cobo
Video & Photo by Gsus Fernández
It's all About Particles: elBulliFoundation. Venice Biennale, 2012
Biennale di Venezia, 2012
It’s all about Particles | thesis
Enric Ruiz Geli
- The architecture of Cloud 9 is articulated transversally by particle theory, from the visualization of landscape - as a global concept, the sum of space plus social relationships - to the design and construction of the architectural project. Ref.: Lisa Randall.
- This theory interprets reality at the level of the particles which provides it with information, designing strategies over time for the interpretation both of the tectonic or material (territory, buildings, people) and of the climatic or incorporeal (light, temperature, relative humidity, rain, wind, salt, CO2, photosynthesis).
- Using 3D laser scanning technologies (Tecmolde), capable of recording 120.000 points per second at a distance of 75 m, point cloud files that can be managed by 3D software, and sensors installed in the location (Tecnalia), together with those that gather information about climatic characteristics, the landscape is recorded as particles, and not as geometric locations or simply as numerical data.
These particles reproduce, in an abstract/real manner over time, a given condition of a given landscape. So this reproduction, even though abstract - an indispensable condition for the architectural project - maintains a direct link with the territory which in turn enables the project to be understood not as a graft from outside, but, rather, as an internal emergency.
Examples of these particle phenomena are:
- PCM: Phase Changing Material
- Moss Seeds + Concrete + Stone
- Sea Water + Microalgae + Salt
- 80% Nitrogen + 20% Natural Oil = Fog
- The natural environment for working with particles surpasses proprietary software, and introduces environments that are more generic. They are managed by the use of free programming environments (Processing) through intelligent behavior over time, thus progressing from the exterior morphology of the project to the performance of its parts or internal composition.
- Work with particles, being connected with the technological development of manufacturing methods (Materialise) through techniques of rapid prototyping and numerical control, allows not only formal development but also direct transposition from the 3D file to the construction.
- In this way, Cloud 9’s Particles Architecture becomes part of a discourse that makes no distinction between objects and products, buildings and landscape, sea and mountain, but which understands reality, and therefore the architectural project, as performing particles, thus entering into an empathetic understanding of a society in which human beings and Nature speak a common language, that of Particles Architecture.
Cap de Creus, Costa Brava
2014. April 16th. "It's all about particles"
Lectures by Enric Ruiz Geli 'It's all About Particles'
- It's all about Particles at Autodesk Headquarters, San Francisco, USA
- It's all about Particles at EKODesign event, Istanbul, Turkey
- It's all about Particles at Design Computation Symposium, Autodesk University, Las Vegas, USA
- It's all about Particles at Architects‘ Journal Footprint Sustainability Forum, London, United Kingdom
- It's all about Particles at Prishtina Architecture Week, Prishtina, Kosovo
- It's all about Particles at Roca Gallery, Barcelona, Spain
- It's all about Particles at Building Dynamics Symposium (University of Calgary), Banff, Canada
- It's all about Particles Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia, Barcelona
- It's all about Particles at St. Petersburg Architectural, St. Petersburg, Russia
- It's all about Particles at Facoltà di Architettura di Genova, Genova, Italia
- It's all about Particles at Greenwich University, London, United Kingdom
- It's all about Particles at IIID (Institute of Indian Interior Designers), Bangalore, India
- It's all about Particles at IFAWPCA (International Federation of Asian & Western Pacific Contractors Association), Kochi, India
- It's all about Particles Universität Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
- It's all about Particles Càtedra Ceràmica València, València, Spain
- It's all about Particles Maison de l'Architecture du Centre, Orléans, France
- It's all about Particles Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland
- It's all about Particles First Mediterranean Congress on Energy Efficiency and Smart Green Cities, Tarragona
- It's all about Particles L’Empordà, landscape as an economic asset, Figueres
- It's all about Particles Keynote at World Architectural Festival, Singapore
- It's all about Particles Congress of Russian Cities Construction, Ulyanovsk, Russia
- It's all about Particles Bahrain University, Bahrain
- It's all about Particles Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia, Barcelona
- It's all about Particles Central House of Architects, Saint Petersburg
- It's all about Particles Arch-Moscow, Central House of Artists, Moscow
- It's all about Particles Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Germany
- It's all about Particles Art Center College of Design, Pasadena, Los Angeles
- It's all about Particles Buckminster Fuller Institute, New York
- It's all about Particles SmartGeometry, Albany, New York
- It's all about Particles College of Architecture, Virginia University
- It's all about Particles College of architecture, Kuwait University and SSH
- It's all about Particles Shih Chien Architecture University, Taipei
Science / elBulli tree
Approach to nature
Working at the interface between architecture, art and digital processes, we are committed to the use of the new technological developments for the digital fabrication and the performative character of architecture to create intelligent structures in emulation of nature.
In a very delicate moment when the climate change is endangering the future of our next generations, the agenda of our team is to lead Pilot Projects at Global Warming Scenarios.
If we consider Jeremy Rifkin’s theory, buildings represent 35-40% of the climate change problem. As architects, we are the main cause of climate change, so we need to take it seriously. If our problem is CO2 emissions, our solution is to act at the same scale, a particle that acts againts a particle, so our way is Architecture of Particles.
The place becomes millions of dots data, information about humidity, salinity, CO2, photosynthesis, geothermal, dynamics that we are able to manage with digital tools. The landscape is particle, and architecture has to be particles, arhitecture is landscape, landscape is a building.
We do smart buildings, and let’s not forget that trees are smart, they know where the water is, the direction of wind, the temperature, so, what about setting biosensors on the trees? And let the trees tell the building what to do. The buildings are run by the trees.
Science / TECNALIA
TOWARDS NET ZERO AGENDA WITH TECNALIA
TECNALIA is the first applied research centre in Spain and one of the most important in Europe.
Its mission is to transform knowledge into GDP to improve people’s quality of life, by creating business opportunities for companies.
Some examples of TECNALIA activity:
- TECNALIA investigates the potential of (micro)algae as an alternative biomass for renewable biofuel generation
- The architectural integration of renewable generation active elements in construction systems is a line of research at TECNALIA
- At Hidrotec project TECNALIA optimizes hydrogen technologies as energy storage alternative that works in combination with renewable energies
- TECNALIA designs a new laboratory to test concepts systems and equipment of the future intelligent networks (smart grids), keys to facilitate the distributed power generation and the transition towards electric mobility
Enric Ruiz Geli - Member of TECNALIA Science Advisory Committee - at ‘INSPIRING BUSINESS FORUM BY TECNALIA’, 2011, Media-ICT building in Barcelona
Agustín J. Sáenz - TECNALIA Industry and Transport Director - and Enric Ruiz Geli - Cloud 9 Founder and Principal Architect - at ‘INSPIRING BUSINESS FORUM BY TECNALIA’, 2011, Media-ICT building in Barcelona
Advisory Board Committee TECNALIA
The TECNALIA Foundation has decided to set up an Advisory Committee composed of international experts from various scientific or managerial fields. This Committee met for the first time on April 23rd 2012, in San Sebastian, with the following experts:
- Amar BHIDE (Professor at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, USA)
- Enrique DANS (Professor at IE Business School, Madrid, Spain)
- Enric RUIZ GELI (Architect, Founder of Cloud 9, Professor at Architectural Association School, Barcelona, Spain)
- François PIERROT (CNRS Director of Research, Montpellier, France)
- Zhongde SHAN (Professor at China Academy of Machinery Science & Technology)
CELL: Creative Energy Living Lab
- Cloud 9 is collaborating with TECNALIA to develop the concept of CELL (Creative Energy Living Lab) by Tecnalia Research & Innovation at projects by Cloud 9, based on an integrated approach to the problem of reducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions in the build environment so that the proposed projects could be defined as Zero Emissions.
The philosophy behind CELL considers the whole life cycle of the building environment involving its energy and its embodied GHG emissions. In order to achieve a positive energy balance energy efficient design (at the building, at the HVAC, at the lighting) are combined with sustainable energy generation using renewable sources, with the integration of energy generation and energy storage, and with a smart management of the energy flows using smart grids. All these issues are contemplated under connected-self-sufficient criteria accordingly with the principles of a self-organized system.